Session #5 of 8
Annual Updates in Environmental Medicine Conference
"Environmental Causes of Common Chronic Neurological Problems
Headaches to Parkinsonism"
In-Office Testing for Neurotoxicity
Presented by Kaye Kilburn, MD
See: Time, Experience, Distilled to Insights Are My Odyssey
(The fun of science and evolution)
1. Balance essentials
2. Brain as a master controller
3. Brain as a target for environmental attack
4. Brain saga of bad gasses
5. Balance Essentials - Finding the Meaning of Falling
(Fall well to avoid breaking bones)
A pragmatic approach to balance could begin with thinking about what is needed for bipedity - walking on two legs, have hands with opposable thumbs and eyes that focus forward and perceive depth (so one can thread a needle) and use other tools.
The five part balance apparatus, needs the vestibular nerve division from the nerve for hearing (cranial nerve VIII):
1. Tiny spheres move in 3 axis - x horizontal, y vertical and z - in and out to sense direction.
2. Part two brings location and depth from visual perception to the cerebellum.
3. Proprioceptive feeling from muscle spindles including foot muscles converge on the cerebellum.
4. The integrator of balance is the cerebellum - the large acorn-shaped mid-brain structure.
5. Part 5 are continuous volleys of corrective signals sent via descending tracts and anterior horns cells from the cerebellum.
The medical testing of balance standing upright with feet together, described by Morris Romberg in 1850, is akin to the alternating of flexor and extension muscles when one keeps fingers outstretched from the shoulder. Balance is an active process of opposing directional impulses in leg extensor and flexor muscles. To perform simple balance, it takes about 40% of our brain.
Kaye Kilburn, MD
Kaye H. Kilburn received his M.D. a the University of Utah College of Medicine in 1954. He completed post-graduate studies at Case Western Reserve Medical School, University of Utah, Duke University and University of London. He mentored and served as Senior Registrar in Cardiology with Paul Wood in London. He has served on several medical faculties across the country. He retired from the Ralph Edgington Chair of Medicine at the University of Southern California's Keck School of Medicine in 2006. Dr. Kilburn has published his research regarding the adverse effects of chemicals on the human brain in over 70 papers and in previous books, Chemical Brain Injury (1998) and Endangered Brains (2004). He edited a 2004 Symposium on Mold and Mycotoxins, published by Heldreff of Washington, DC and a 2009 update that appeared in Toxicology and Industrial Medicine. He has investigated hydrogen sulfide toxicity from numerous sources, most recently five contributors at Lovington, NM, the geothermal power plant at Puna on Hawaii, and the fracking of Bakken oil shale at Williston-Tioga, ND.
- 30-day access to recording
- Lecture slides and handouts (if applicable) are yours to keep
- CE Certificate - 1.00 General Credit Hours by the Oregon Board of Naturopathic Medicine (OBNM)